Russia/Kaliningrad

Overview

A little extra chunk of Russia stuck between Lithuania and Poland on the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad was known as Königsberg from its founding by the Teutonic Knights in the 13th century until after World War II. It was renamed, repopulated with Russians and became part of the Soviet Union.

Today, as it has been for centuries, it’s known for amber products, with most of the world’s harvestable amber still lying off its coast. The 14th century Königsberg Cathedral is a main city attraction.

The city is home to several universities, colleges and technical schools, research institutions and libraries. One of the most famous sights of the city of Kaliningrad is Königsberg Cathedral of red bricks with the grave of Immanuel Kant, it has been preserved by the seven city gates in neo-gothic style, the Astronomical bastion and defense towers.

One of the towers now houses the Amber Museum with largest collection of amber in the world. In the Russian region of Kaliningrad is part of the famous Curonian Spit. Here is the oldest European Ornithological Station. The most popular seaside resort in Kaliningrad lies about 40-km north-west of the city.  

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